Burgos

The city of Burgos (161,984 inhabitants) is a very active city, surrounded by industry, and a major hub of communications for the north of Spain. The history of the city of Burgos dates back to the 10th century. It is located in an area where the northern edge of the Spanish Meseta meets the foothills of the Iberian System. Burgos was founded by Count Diego Rodríguez Porcelos by order of King Alfonso III the Great of Asturias.

Location, map, useful information

The province of Burgos forms part of the Spanish Autonomous Region of Castilla y León. It is the real capital of Castilla (or at least of Old Castilla). It borders to the north with the eastern foothills of the Cantabrian Mountain Chain, which separates it from the Autonomous Regions of Cantabria and the Basque Country. It borders to the east with the outer edge of the Iberian Mountain Chain, which separates it from the Autonomous Region of La Rioja and the province of Soria, to the south with the province of Segovia, and to the west with the provinces of Valladolid and Palencia. The province of Burgos covers a total area of 14,269 km2 (which represents 2.84% of the country's territory and 15.19% of the Autonomous Region). It has a total population of 361,021 inhabitants, 172,421 of which reside in the capital. The remainder of the population is spread among the 370 smaller towns and villages of the province. INE 2005.

History, Art and Heritage

Burgos was already a thousand years ago a strategic point on the route of religious and cultural exchange that has crossed the north of Spain ever since: the Road to Santiago. Due to its strategic importance during the Middle Ages, Burgos became capital of the unified kingdom of Castilla y León, which endowed it with a noble character reflected in its historical buildings. One of Burgos' most famous inhabitants was the Castilian knight El Cid Campeador, the great myth of Spanish history and literature. The historical centre of the city of Burgos has remained almost completely intact. The most important monuments are the Gothic Cathedral, declared World Heritage Site by UNESCO, and the "Casa de Cordón", where the Catholic Monarchs received Christopher Columbus after he returned from his second journey to America.

Leisure and gastronomy

You cannot visit Burgos without trying the traditional roast lamb and the famous black pudding with rice, accompanied by a fine glass of wine from the Ribera del Duero region.

Typical dishes from Burgos:
  • Bacalao (cod)
  • Cangrejos de río (river crab)
  • Lechazo asado (roast baby lamb)
  • Morcilla de Burgos (black pudding)
  • Olla podrida (meat and vegetable stew)
  • Sopas de ajo (garlic soup)

Near the city

burgos

We recommend a visit to the archaeological sites of the AtapuercaMountain Range, where the oldest human remains in Europe were found. Worthy of special mention is Aranda de Duero, capital of the Ribera del Duero region and home to some of the most famous vineyards and wines in Spain. Aranda de Duero is a historical town with a relaxed, typical Castilian atmosphere that combines rural life with the advantages of a medium-sized city. The Monastery of Las Huelgas Reales (12th century), located on the outskirts of Burgos, is famous for its Gothic cloister. The Convent of Miraflores (14th century), which is also located outside the city limits, houses a polychrome altarpiece decorated - according to local legends - with the first gold brought from America by Columbus.

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Location

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El tiempo en Burgos